Skip to content

How to Resolve The listener supports no services

The Listener Supports Services

The listener supports no services

Let's see the current status of listener.

[oracle@primary01 ~]$ lsnrctl status
...
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/primary01/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=primary01)(PORT=1522)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1522)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully

Apparently, the listener is running, but it has no service name registered with it. Another point is, using a non-default port like to listen connections needs more configuration skill than normal.

For database users, even though the listener is up and running, they may receive ORA-12514 in their connection tools. I talked about some causes and solutions to ORA-12514 in another post.

By the way, the formal error code of "The listener supports no services" is TNS-01030.

TNS-01030 The listener supports no services
TNS-01030 The listener supports no services

Rationale

In most cases, the message indicates that the database instance is closed, no any database services are available. You can just startup your database and make sure the service names are correct.

If the database is online and you don't see any services registered with the listener, then we should find out what happened.

To know what's the problem depends on what you saw in LOCAL_LISTENER.

  1. Explicit Address
  2. Alias Name

Explicit Address

If you're pretty sure that your database instance is up and running, please check the parameter of local listener.

SQL> show parameter local_listener

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
local_listener                       string      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=
                                                 192.168.0.11)(PORT=1521))

Although we use a non-default port, i.e. 1522 in this case to listen connections, the LOCAL_LISTENER points to the default port 1521.

Normally, we don't have to set LOCAL_LISTENER parameter explicitly, because the database instance will look for an existing and appropriate local listener to register its services after startup. Once the listener accepts dynamic service registration, it facilitates connections to get database service subsequently.

Let's continue reading this post to see how we register the service in the listener.

Alias Name

For 12c and later releases, like 19c, you might see an alias name set for LOCAL_LISTENER.

SQL> show parameter local_listener

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
local_listener                       string      LISTENER_ORCL

That's because the alias name has been used for setting LOCAL_LISTENER, we should check tnsnames.ora, the alias management system for sure.

Solution

To solve the problem depends on what you saw in LOCAL_LISTENER.

  1. Explicit Address
  2. Alias Name

Explicit Address

In this case, we want it go to port 1522. Apparently, it went to the wrong port. Therefore, we corrected the setting by this:

SQL> alter system set local_listener='(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.0.11)(PORT=1522))';

System altered.

SQL> show parameter local_listener

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
local_listener                       string      (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=1
                                                 92.168.0.11)(PORT=1522))

Please note that, if the instance was startup with a SPFILE, it implied SCOPE=BOTH in the above statement. Otherwise, it implied SCOPE=MEMORY.

After setting the parameter, a background process called listener registration (LREG) will discover the target listener in 60 seconds and send information such as the service name, instance names, and workload information to the listeners. Therefore, you don't have to register it by yourself.

Of course, you can override the 60-second delay of LREG by this SQL statement below:

SQL> ALTER SYSTEM REGISTER;

The above statement forces LREG to register with the listener in order to support the database service immediately.

After registration, the listener starts to deal with connections that are meant for the database. Service handlers, either dispatchers or dedicated server processes, will be used to maintain the connections. Once the connections between clients and database established, the listener stepped aside and continued to listen to new connections.

Multiple Listeners

By the way, as for multiple listeners, you can do this:

SQL> alter system set local_listener='(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.0.11)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS= PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.0.12)(PORT=1521)))';

We can use ADDRESS_LIST to accommodate more listeners than one in the above.

Will it show The listener supports no services this time? Let's check the listener again.

[oracle@primary01 admin]$ lsnrctl status
...
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/primary01/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=primary01)(PORT=1522)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1522)))
Services Summary...
Service "ORCL" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ORCL", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "ORCLXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ORCL", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

It's back. The listener is holding the services now.

By the way, the service name is usually the same as DB_UNIQUE_NAME in a RAC environment by default. For a single-instance database, the service name is usually the instance name, i.e. $ORACLE_SID.

Alias Name

If LOCAL_LISTENER is using an alias to manage the listener destination, then it implies we should look for the entry in tnsnames.ora.

[oracle@test ~]$ vi $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora
...
LISTENER_ORCLX =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = test.example.com)(PORT = 1521))

As you can see, they are mismatched with each other, one is LISTENER_ORCL, the other is LISTENER_ORCLX. In such case, you should either modify LOCAL_LISTENER or this entry, whichever depends on your judgement.

Correct LOCAL_LISTENER

SQL> alter system set local_listener='LISTENER_ORCLX';

System altered.

SQL> show parameter local_listener

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
local_listener                       string      LISTENER_ORCLX

Correct Alias Name

[oracle@test ~]$ vi $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora
...
LISTENER_ORCL =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = test.example.com)(PORT = 1521))

We should re-altering the parameter to make the database system refresh its underlying connection string cache.

SQL> alter system set local_listener='LISTENER_ORCL' scope=memory;

System altered.

Static Services

Whereas dynamic services have to be registered with the listener only when the database is up and running, static service registration can be done very early when the listener startup, no matter the database instance does exist or not.

That is to say, static services in listener don't care about the database instance. You can connect to an idle database as SYS from any remote clients via static services in order to maintain the database. This can be a workaround to The listener supports no services. Because there already have services upheld by the listener.

The common jobs that need to connect an idle or nomount database, for examples, could be starting up a database remotely or duplicating an auxiliary database, say a standby database from a target database.

To take advantages of static service registration, you have to add an entry called SID_LIST_LISTENER to the configuration file of listener, which is usually at $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/listener.ora. Static services will take effect after you restart the listener.

More Considerations

Whenever in doubt, use tnsping and then sqlplus to test all situations of listener or service problems.

If you still have troubles on adding a new listener to a grid infrastructure (RAC), you can refer to my tutorials as below:

They might give you some clues to solve The listener supports no services from different angles.

38 thoughts on “How to Resolve The listener supports no services”

  1. Hi,
    this was an EXCELLENT Tipp! I restored my machine from a VM Ware snapshot and for what reason ever the listener was not supporting my service anymore! But with this tipp it is working now again!
    THANK YOU!!
    Best regards
    Winnie

  2. I installed oracle restart 19c for a client and inspite of everything running fine, the service was registering with the listener. This article helped me resolved the issue by setting the local listener correctly. Thank you very very much.

  3. Great article and helped resolve the problem, but whenever listener is restarted, again the service is not registered. Should one use what you call Static Services defined in listener.ora

  4. Hi,

    I tried the following that you mentioned in the post. Its not working for me.

    Given below are the listener.ora and tnsnames.ora. I am using 19c.
    Thanks in advance for your help.

    This is the error i am getting.
    TNS-12541: TNS:no listener
    TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error
    TNS-00511: No listener
    Linux Error: 111: Connection refused

    listener.ora
    LISTENER =
    (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = ol7-orcl193.localdomain)(PORT = 1521))
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1522))
    )
    )

    tnsnames.ora
    ORCL19C =
    (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = ol7-orcl193)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
    (SERVER = DEDICATED)
    (SERVICE_NAME = orcl19c)
    )
    )

    ORCL19C_PDB =
    (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = ol7-orcl193.localdomain)(PORT = 1521))
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1522))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
    (SERVER = DEDICATED)
    (SERVICE_NAME = ORCL19C_PDB)
    )
    )

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *